[ UrbanRail.Net ]     [ Europe ] [ Americas ] [ Asia ] [ Africa ] [ Oceania ]     [ News ] [ Books ] [ Links ] [ Blog ] [ Shop ]


Beijing Subway Map © UrbanRail.Net - Click to expand!

Click here to expand map to full size!

Report error!


Line 1Beijing (or Peking) is the capital of the People's Republic of China and the country's second largest city (after Shanghai) with more than 12 million inhabitants in the metropolitan area (16,800 sq km).

Subway construction started in China's capital in 1965. The first stretch, which opened between the city's railway station and Pingguoyuan, included today's western branch of Line 1 and the southern part of Line 2. In 1987, the circular line was finished (16 km) and both lines started operating separately. In the 1990's an eastern extension of Line 1 was built; the so-called Fu Ba Line, to Sihui East (formerly shown as BA Wang Fan) opened for trial in Oct. 1999 for the People's Republic's 50th anniversary. The new section (13.5 km) was eventually connected to the western section of Line 1 on 24 June 2000 which had been upgraded to ATO operation.


   Line 1  

The entire Line 1 from Pingguoyuan to Sihuidong is now 38 km long and provides transfer to Ring Line 2 twice, at Fuxingmen and at Jianguomen.

01 Oct 1969 - Beijingzhan (Railway Station - now Line 2) - Pingguoyuan (23.6 km, 17 stations, all underground)
- all stations operational in 1972 (until 1977 only for Chinese people)
20 Sept 1984 - Beijingzhan - Fuxingmen (16.1 km, 12 stations, all underground - now Line 2)

28 Dec 1987: Line 1: Fuxingmen - Pingguoyuan > Line 2 established as circle line
12 Dec 1992: Fuxingmen - Xidan (1.5 km)
24 June 2000: Xidan - Sihui East

>>> Line 1 Gallery

Beijing Subway Line 1 Beijing Subway Line 1 Beijing Metro Line 1
   Line 2  

20 Sept 1984 - Beijingzhan - Fuxingmen (as part of original metro line)
28 Dec 1987: 16 km circle line

>>> Line 2 Gallery

Beijing Subway Line 2 Beijing Subway Line 2 Beijing Subway Line 2
   Line 4  

Although planned to open for the Olympics in 2008, Line 4 (28.6 km with 24 stations), which provides a metro link to the new Beijing South Railway Station, only opened in Sept 2009. Some trains continue directly south onto the Daxing Line.

28 Sept 2009: Anheqiao North - Gongyixiqiao
30 Dec 2010: Gongyixiqiao - Tiangongyuan (Daxing Line, 21.7 km, 11 stations)

>>> Line 4 Gallery

Beijing Subway Line 4 Beijing Subway Line 4
   Line 5  

Subway Line 5, the first north-south metro line in Beijing, is 27.6-km, with 16.9 km and 16 stations underground and 10.7 km and 7 stations above ground. Platforms are equipped with half-high platform screen doors. Construction started in Dec. 2002, and the entire line was brought into service in October 2007.

07 Oct 2007: Tiantongyuan North - Songjiazhuang (27.6 km, 23 stations)

>>> Line 5 Gallery

Beijing Subway Line 5 Beijing Subway Line 5 Beijing Subway Line 5
   Line 6  

43 km east-west line running parallel and north of line 1

30 Dec 2012: Haidian Wuluju - Caofang (31 km)
28 Dec 2014: Caofang - Lucheng (12 km)

>>> Line 6 Gallery

Beijing Subway Line 6 Beijing Subway Line 6
   Line 7  

23 km east-west line 23 km

28 Dec 2014: Beijing West Railway Station - Jiaohuachang

>>> Line 7 Gallery

Beijing Subway Line 7 Beijing Subway Line 7 Beijing Subway Line 7
   Line 8  

The first 4.5 km section of Line 8, the so-called Olympic Branch Line, opened on 19 July 2008. It serves all the important Olympic venues and was initially only linked to Line 10.

19 July 2008: Beitucheng - South Gate of Forest Park (4.5 km)
31 Dec 2011: South Gate of Forest Park - Huilongguandongdajie
30 Dec 2012: Beitucheng - Guloudajie
28 Dec 2013: Huilongguandongdajie - Zhuxinzhuang and Guloudajie - Nanluoguxiang
26 Dec 2015: Andelibeijie station

>>> Line 8 Gallery

Beijing Subway Line 8 Beijing Subway Line 8 Beijing Subway Line 8
   Line 9  

Line 9 connects National Library station on Line 4 to Guogongzhuang via Beijing West Railway Station. At the southern end it is linked to the Fangshan Line.

31 Dec 2011: Beijing West Railway Station - Guogongzhuang (11.1 km)
12 Oct 2012: Fengtaidongdajie station
30 Dec 2012: Beijing West Railway Station - National Library
21 Dec 2013: Military Museum station added

>>> Line 9 Gallery

Beijing Subway Line 9 Beijing Subway Line 9 Beijing Subway Line 9
   Line 10  

Subway Line 10 was opened on 19 July 2008, in time for the Olympic Games. Its construction had started in Dec. 2003. Line 10, the city's second circular line, is 54.8 km long and fully underground.

19 July 2008: Bagou - Jinsong (25 km)
30 Dec 2012: Jinsong - Shoujingmao
30 Dec 2012: Bagou - Xiju
05 May 2013:
Xiju - Shoujingmao (circle completed)

>>> Line 10 Gallery

Beijing Subway Line 10 Beijing Subway Line 10
   Line 13  

Construction of "CityRail" (Line 13 in the overall "rapid transit" planning) started in December 1999. The semicircular line with 16 stations runs from Xizhimen to Dongzhimen (both are stations on the circle Line 2). The 40.8 km line is mainly above ground, either elevated (7.7 km) or at grade (30.3km). After the western section (20.6km) went into operation on 28 Sept. 2002, the eastern section was opened in January 2003.

28 Sept 2002: Xizhimen - Huoying
28 Jan 2003: eastern section Huoying - Dongzhimen

>>> Line 13 Gallery

Beijing Subway Line 13 Beijing Subway Line 13 Beijing Subway Line 13
   Line 14  

In time for the "Ninth China International Garden Expo", the western section of line 14 opened in spring 2013.

05 May 2013: Zhangguozhuang - Xiju (12.4 km)
28 Dec 2014: Jintailu - Shangezhuang (14 km)
26 Dec 2015: Jintailu - Beijing South Railway Station (16.6 km)
31 Dec 2016: Chaoyang Park station
30 Dec 2017: Pingleyuan station

>>> Line 14 Gallery

Beijing Subway Line 14 Beijing Subway Line 14
   Line 15  

28 Dec 2010: Wangjing West - Houshayu
31 Dec 2011: Houshayu - Fengbo
28 Dec 2014: Wangjing West - Qinghuadongluxikou (10 km)
26 Dec 2015: Datunlu East station
31 Dec 2016: Wangjing East station

>>> Line 15 Gallery

Beijing Subway Line 15 Beijing Subway Line 15

   Line 16  

19.6 km

28 Dec 2016: Beianhe - Xiyuan
30 Dec 2017: Nongdananlu station

>>> Line 16 Gallery

Beijing Subway Line 16 Beijing Subway Line 16 Beijing Subway Line 16

   Suburban Subway Lines  

While the Batong Line is a logical, though separately operated extension of Line 1, the first sections of four suburban metro lines opened on 30 Dec 2010. The suburban subway lines share the same specifications with the urban lines, but typically have longer average station distances and run partly on the surface:


 Batong Line

27 Dec 2003: Sihui -Tuqiao (19 km in length - above ground along Beijing-Tianjin Highway, 13 stations)

>>> Batong Line Gallery

Beijing Subway Batong Line Beijing Subway Batong Line
 Changping Line

31.9 km

30 Dec 2010: Xierqi -Nanshao
26 Dec 2015: Nanshao - Changping Xishankou (10.6 km)

>>> Changping Line Gallery

Beijing Subway Changping Line Beijing Subway Changping Line
 Daxing Line

The 21.7 km Daxing Line is connected directly to Subway Line 4, with metro trains running through on the mostly underground suburban route.

30 Dec 2010: Gongyixiqiao - Tiangongyuan

>>> Daxing Line Gallery

Beijing Subway Daxing Line Beijing Subway Daxing Line
 Fangshan Line

Until metro line 9 was opened, the Fangshan Line was not directly linked to the existing subway network. The line is 25.8 km long.

31 Dec 2010: Dabaotai - Suzhuang
31 Dec 2011: Dabaotai - Guogongzhuang (L9)
30 Dec 2017: Suzhuang - Yancun East (1 km)

>>> Fangshan Line Gallery

Beijing Subway Fangshan Line Beijing Subway Fangshan Line
 Yanfang Line

A logical extension of the Fangshan Line, but operated separately as the first metro line using domestic technology for driverless operation:

30 Dec 2017: Yancun East - Yanshan (13.4 km)

>>> Yanfang Line Gallery

Yanfang Line Yanfang Line
 Yizhuang Line

The 23.2 km Yizhuang Line is a logical extension to metro line 5, but operated separately.

28 Dec 2010: Songjiazhuang - Ciqu

>>> Yizhuang Line Gallery

Beijing Subway Yizhuang Line Beijing Subway Yizhuang Line

   Airport Express  

Right in time for the Olympic Games 2008, the Airport Express line (28.1 km) opened on 19 July 2008, linking the city centre to the International Airport northeast of Beijing. The Airport Express is a fully automatic, driverless railway, which provides interchange with subway lines 2, 10 and 13. At the airport it stops at Terminal 3 and at Terminal 2 (this stop is for Terminal 1, too). A special fare is applicable for the Airport Express.

>>> Airport Express Line Gallery

Beijing Airport Express Beijing Airport Express
   S1 - Mentougou Line  

Elevated maglev line in the western part of Beijing, a logical extension of metro line 1 (9.8 km):

30 Dec 2017: Jin'anqiao - Shichang (9 km)

>>> Line S1 Gallery

Beijing S1 Mentougou Line Beijing S1 Mentougou Line
   Xijiao Line  

"Western Suburbs Line" - Beijing's first light rail line, including 1 km tunnel:

30 Dec 2017: Bagou - Fragrant Hills (8.6 km)

>>> Xijiao Line Gallery

Xijiao Line Xijiao Line


There are ambitious plans to expand the subway network in the Chinese capital, which include both subways, light rail and suburban trains - for more projects click here



Photo © Jiri Malat L-13 Wangjingxi station © Ranskaldan Tiananmen East © Clement Lee Photo © Jiri Malat More photos



Beijing metro ticketBeijing Subway (Official Website)

Beijing Subway at Wikipedia

Explore Beijing > Subway

Beijing Subway Map at Johomaps

Huge Beijing Metro Gallery at nycsubway.org

Beijing Subway lines on Baidu Maps

Tracking China > Beijing Subway

UrbanRail.Net > Beijing Subway Gallery



Beijing subway vestibule © Allen Zagel Beijing Line 1 © Allen Zagel Beijing Line 2 © Allen Zagel Beijing Line 2 © Allen Zagel More photos

These pictures by kind permission © Allen Zagel


In January 2017, Craig Moore reports from Beijing:

As for Line 16 - The stations are very impressive. High ceilings with traditional Chinese decorative styles and colours, interesting lighting (chandeliers/wall lights etc) and all lovely and clean as you would expect from a 48 hour old line. All have island platforms and full screens and the usual platform trimmings. There is lots of staff around to guide people down the long wide connector corridor between L4/16 and to help on platforms and ticket halls, moreover, across the entire network, all station maps, ticket machines, and hand out maps are up to date with the new line, although there is no specific information on the line itself. There must have been an army of people working on this leading to the opening.

But it is also disappointing in some regards. The headhouses are pretty bland, and the new stock is quite plain (as one of the four HK MTR managed lines this basic-ness seems to be a trend!).The 8 car stock is branded with the new CRRC logo (CNR and CSR merged in 2015 but this is the first CRRC labelling Ive seen) but there really is nothing stylish or different about it, unlike some of the new stock on other lines in China – that is the ‘uniformity policy’ of the Beijing strategy influencing things. There is side seating with some banks of seats missing to allow more standing space for the planned heavy crush loads once the southern extension is completed. The interior is bright and shiny but oh so very cold – in fact there were teams of staff checking for draughts around the doors – I suppose one can expect teething problems. The journey is slow and the dwell times are ridiculously long. So good and bad in equal measure.

Download full report (including line-by-line descriptions and statistics)



Tiananmenxi station entrance - 2000 © Jordi Serradell

Photo © Jordi Serradell

Thanks to Arnaud Carpentier!



2007 © Robert Schwandl (UrbanRail.Net)