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NANJING
 China

Nanjing Metro map © UrbanRail.Net

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 METRO

Nanjing (Nanking) lies some 300 km northwest of Shanghai and has a population of 5.2 million (6,500 sq km).

Besides the five proper metro lines opened in recent years, Nanjing has also built several suburban metro lines, prefixed S, which are technically compatible to the urban lines, but may differ through longer station distances, longer headways or shorter trains:

 

   Line 1  

38.9 km, 27 stations

Construction of Metro Line 1 began in 2000 for completion in September 2005. Trial operation started on 15 June 2005. The original Line 1 from Maigaoqiao to Olympic Stadium was 22 km (14.3 km underground) with 16 stations. A southern 25 km branch was added in 2010, but in 2014, the western branch was detached and extended and became Line 10.

27 Aug 2005: Maigaoqiao - Xiaohang
03 Sept 2005: Xiaohang - Olympic Stadium (and official opening) > now part of Line 10
28 May 2010: Andemen - CPU (China Pharmaceutical University) (25 km)
28 June 2011: Nanjing South Railway Station added

 

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   Line 2  

38 km, 26 stations

Line 2 opened in May 2010 along its full length of 38 km. It intersects twice with the older Line 1.

28 May 2010: Line 2 Youfangqiao - Jingtianlu (38 km)

 

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   Line 3  

44.9 km, 29 stations

01 Apr 2015: Line 3 Linchang - Mozhoudonglu (44.9 km)
18 Oct 2015: Line 3 Shangyuanmen added

 

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   Line 4  

33.8 km, 18 stations

18 Jan 2017: Longjiang - Xianlinhu (33.8 km)

 

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   Line 10  

21.6 km, 14 stations

Line 10 was launched in July 2014 when a 16.2 km extension with 10 stations opened which was connected to the branch of the existing Line 1.

27 Aug 2005: Andemen - Xiaohang (as part of Line 1)
03 Sept 2005: Xiaohang - Olympic Stadium (as part of Line 1)
01 July 2014: Olympic Stadium - Yushanlu (and incorporating former Line 1 branch from Andemen to Olympic Stadium; plus a new station at Andemen)

 

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   Line S1  

Airport Express Line, 35.8 km, 8 stations

01 July 2014: South Railway Station - Nanjing Lukou International Airport

 

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   Line S8  

Ningtian Intercity Line - 45.2 km, 17 stations

01 Aug 2014: Taishan Village - Jinniuhu

 

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 Projects

Several new lines are planned. Click here for details.

 

 Photos

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Nanjing metro Nanjing metro Xinjiekou

 Maps (click to expand)
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Photos 2014 © Craig Moore
 TRAM

A 7.8 km modern tram line, known as the Hexi Tram, opened on 1 Aug 2014, running from Olympic Stadium East station on metro line 2 towards the urban development area in the southwest.

A second line, the Kirin Tram, 9 km with 13 stops, will open shortly.

 

Hexi Tram Hexi Tram Hexi Tram
 

 

 Links

Nanjing Metro (official site)

Nanjing Metro at Wikipedia

Nanjing Trams at Wikipedia

 

 Report

In March 2017, Craig Moore sends his views on Nanjing:

Before I arrived in Nanjing this March I was looking to see what images there were of the system on ‘Urbanrail’, to be confronted by a few words from myself in 2014 - I couldn’t remember this at all. In fact, it was just a little less than three years ago and it was strange to read for a couple of reasons. Firstly, it talks of two lines and 85km of service (making mention of Milan’s equivalence), and given current figures for the system (257km), this does highlight how great Metro expansion in China has been in recent years (It now ranks between Hong Kong and Madrid in length). Second, I seemed to offer a tacit recognition that, in an era when most Metros coming on line in China were following the ‘template’ model, Nanjing had differences worth remarking on. Well, today, although new systems and lines in China offer a little more distinctiveness, and Nanjing’s newer lines don’t really ‘jump out’ in that regard, there is still enough here to warrant a positive impression. And so, I write a few words that hopefully will give you a little flavour of the system. It is an amalgam of the other stuff and some new input.

Nanjing
As the former capital of China, Nanjing* is an ancient city with a rich heritage. As is the norm, however, the scale of rapid development has overwhelmed the areas of cultural interest and the centre of the city is a blend of tall buildings, neon signs, and traffic-choked streets. Nanjing now boasts a 7-line system, two of which operate as suburban Metros, and its presence in the city is quite substantial. This is partly because of its relatively long standing, its scale and the variety of infrastructure. The system operates in the main population areas and is centred on a two line ‘north-south’ alignment through the central area, and two significant east-west lines running below important commercial corridors. Thus, the central area is well served by a selection of lines and stations, all well located at main junctions, with predominant entrance porticos and integration into shopping complexes and underground passageways. Transfer between lines is also well signed and distances short. For a visitor to this city, there would be no-mistaking that there was a Metro here. Outside of the central area, the system maintains a dominant presence, thanks in part to large elevated/grade stations and well located underground provision.

The system now runs to 256.7km (170km underground) growing threefold since my last visit in 2014 and it is now the 5th longest Metro in China and 11th longest in the world. Entrance to the system is straightforward, with station entrance halls hosting banks of ticket machines, security lines and barriers. Ticket machines accept notes and coins although these, like those on every other Chinese system, can be quite temperamental with bank notes and at important stations the queues for the machines can be long. The ticket halls are quite dimly lit but offer schematic and geographic maps (geographic in Chinese only), station location information and customer service offices. These offices all provide a schematic map within a booklet about the Metro. These are very readily available although these are in Chinese only, unlike previously when an English language version was available. Like entrance halls, the platforms are also quite dimly lit. Most have island platforms and clean lines, with full screens (mix of metallic and route colour), line maps, full system maps (geographic and schematic next to each other), seating and RTI. Elevated and grade stations are mainly island platforms with half screens and identical facilities to the underground stations.

Line 1 is 38.9km (23.2km underground) with 27 stations (18 underground). Unlike other lines which run from 0600-2300, this line has a 0530 start with 3/4min base headways and a journey takes 60mins. This is the main north-south line connecting....

[to continue reading download full text in PDF]

 

*Nan = south; Jing = Capital; and by logic…Bei = North. For interest Xi is West and so Xi’an is Western Peace. Dong = East. There is no Dongjing in China but interestingly that is the name the Chinese give to Tokyo!

 Photos
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2007 © Robert Schwandl (UrbanRail.Net)