With almost 2 million inhabitants, Kharkiv (Khar'kov in Russian) is Ukraine's second largest city, situated in the eastern part of the country. Initially a combined network of existing suburban and new urban lines was planned during the 1960's, but when the first tunnel sections were finished common 2.7 m wide rolling stock was ordered for exclusive metro use.
The Kharkiv Metro was inaugurated on 23 August 1975 (10.4 km with 8 stations). Stations in the city centre are very deep, less so in outer areas. Similarly to the Moscow or Kyiv metros, most stations are beautiful underground palaces. Platform length is 100 m for 5-car trains on all lines. Between Kyivs'ka and Barabashova, the Saltivs'ka Line crosses the Kharkiv river on a 988 m covered bridge.
The network has a total length of about 38.5 km with 30 stations (2016):
|1||Kholodnohirsko–Zavods'ka Line (17.3 km, Russian Kholodnogorskaya-Zavodskaya; formerly Sverdlovsko-Zavodskaya)|
|2||Saltivs'ka Line (10.2 km, Russian Saltovskaya; future Saltovsko-Shevchenkovskaya)|
|3||Oleksiivs'ka Line (11.0 km, Russian Alekseyevskaya; future Alekseyevsko-Gagarinskaya)|
Aug 1975 - Kholodna Gora (formerly Ul. Sverdlova) - Moskovs'kyi
2015: Radianska station renamed Maidan Konstytutsii
Oleksiivs'ka Line is being extended south with two new stations, Derzhavins'ka
By the year 2025, 50 km of new lines with 30 stations should be built. See map with planned extensions.
Metro Kharkiv (Official Website)
Metro Kharkov at Wikipedia
Metrosoyuza by Peter Donn includes nice station pictures
Kharkov City Transport by Andrey Rybka
Kharkov Metro at Mir metro/Metroworld by Aksenov Dmitry
Here's a list of all station names in Russian and Ukrainian (Thanks to Alex Riabov & Dmitriy Karaulov)