|Comunitat Valenciana . Spain|
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Valencia is the capital city of the autonomous region called Comunitat Valenciana, and with more than a million inhabitants in the metropolitan area, it is Spain's third largest city. Situated by the Mediterranean Sea it's an important harbour and industrial centre on the east coast of Spain. The city has a unique park in the former river bed of the Turia river under which two stations, Túria and Alameda, are situated. The Comunitat Valenciana is a bilingual region, with most station names now using the local Valencian (Catalan) variant, although some are called by their Spanish name.
The Valencia Metro has been developed out of a former regional narrow-gauge network opened as soon as 1888 and called El Trenet de València. Still under FEVE's administration in the early 1980's, it was decided to build a tunnel through the city centre in order to connect two of the northern lines with the one in the south. After all narrow-gauge lines were taken over by the Valencian Government in 1987, Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat Valenciana (FGV) opened the cross-city tunnel on 8 Oct 1988, 100 years after the inauguration of the first narrow-gauge line in Valencia, and began to call the new service Metro de Valencia.
Apart from the FGV metro system, RENFE (Spanish National Railways) runs a regional service (Cercanías) which is especially busy on the southern lines C1 and C2. Xàtiva on Lines 3/5/9 provides a direct interchange in the city centre between RENFE trains and FGV metro.
|North-South Route: Lines 1 - 2 - 7|
this north-south line has a very regional character outside the city,
it can be considered a metro line within the city, i.e. between Empalme
in the north and Torrent in the south with trains every 7.5 minutes
(Beniferri - Safranar
underground 6.7 km).
Lines 1/2 can be divided into 4 sectors:
Empalme - Bétera 14 km, 11 stations, 5.8 km double-track
(Empalme - Seminari),
8.2 km single-track (Seminari
- Bétera), regional service.
|East-West Route: Lines 3 - 5 - 9|
Line 3 follows an older regional line to Rafelbunyol, which also used to have its city terminus at Pont de Fusta (now on tram line T4). The city section was built as a modern metro line initially running underground from Alboraya-Palmaret into the city to Alameda (1995, 3 km).
In 1998, the first stretch of what was originally planned as line 5, opened between Alameda and Av. del Cid (3.2 km) with a branch from Colón to Jesús (now Joaquín Sorolla; 2.4 km) to allow through trains between Torrent in the south and Palmaret in the north. Another section towards the west (to Mislata-Almassil, 3 stations, 2.4 km) opened in 1999. Line 5 was originally designed to run from Mislata to Cabanyal Railway Station in the east. This line serves the central shopping district around Colón station and the main railway station at Xàtiva.
Plans for the eastern section between Alameda and Cabanyal were changed in the late 1990s. Instead of going to Cabanyal Railway Station (ADIF is planning a cross-city tunnel which would not serve that station), the new Line 5 was to become similar to a German Stadtbahn running under Santos Justos y Pastor Streets with light rail vehicles using high platforms in tunnel stations but lower platforms at the three eastern stops planned on street level. Eventually the line was built underground as far as Ayora and opened in April 2003. In April 2007, it was extended by one underground station to Marítim-Serrería, where transfer is provided across the platform to tram lines 6 and 8. The tram line from Marítim Serrería to Neptú (now Marina Reial Joan Carles I) opened on 17 April 2007.
In late 2002, a western extension of Line 5 under the Turia river towards Manises Airport was approved. This extension, which is totally underground, replaced the former Renfe line, which was handed over to FGV in early 2005 (service was suspended on 1 April 2005). The Airport line was brought into service in April 2007.
The northern line 3 tunnel was extended in Dec. 2010 by 1.6 km, with two new underground stations in Alboraya.
Finally, in early 2015, another western extension was added between Manises and Riba-roja de Túria. The 9.5 km single-track surface section connects to the existing line near the airport and follows the former Renfe line. This extension introduced Line 9, running half-hourly between Riba-roja de Túria and Alboraya-Peris Aragó. At the same time, the Torrent Avinguda - Marítim-Serrería service was rebranded Line 7.
(1)-(3) © Vladimir Sviridenkov
Oct. 1988: L1/2 [Bétera/Llíria
de la Ribera (later Villanueva
de Castellón, now Castelló)]
Line 4 is a standard tram line that runs east-west through the northern part of the city connecting Line 1 at Empalme with Pont de Fusta in central Valencia (at the other side of the river bed park), the new University campus developments and the beaches. An extension from Empalme to TVV (Valencia TV, now À Punt) opened in March 1999. A further extension to Fira de Mostres (Trade Fair) was taken into service in 2000 (only served during trade fair periods), and to Mas del Rosari and to Lloma Llarga Terramelar in 2005.
Line 6 was brought into service on 28 Sept 2007, running on a new 2.4 km section to Orriols and Torrefiel, with most of the rest being shared with line T4. In the port area it links with line 8, both terminating underground at Marítim.
10 is part of a once
planned partly underground north-south route (previously referred to as
which was meant to run from Orriols in the north (now line 6) to the Science
City and Natzaret in the south. Coming from Orriols in the north (Ciutat
de Valencia stadium) it should have entered the north-south tunnel at
Pont de Fusta.
There would have been underground stops in the old city centre at Museus
(under the old riverbed), Carme and Mercat before reaching
A new central railway station is still planned to be built a bit further
south from its current location, between Bailén
and the new underground terminus Alacant.
(1)-(3) 2008 © Bernhard Kußmagk; (4)-(5) © Vladimir Sviridenkov
Metro & Tram Projects
- In conjunction with the opening of line 10, several branches have been announced: line 10 would be extended from Natzaret to link up with the existing tram network at Grau-La Marina, while line 11 would reach the port area via a more direct route; and finally line 12 would branch off to serve La Fe Hospital.
metrovalencia (FGV) (Official site)
Metro Valencia at Wikipedia.es
2 Articles by Rafael Alcaide on the Valencia Metro:
METRO & TRAM ATLAS Spanien | Spain
Barcelona, Bilbao, Cádiz, Donostia/San Sebastián, Granada, Madrid, Málaga,
Murcia, Palma, Parla, Sevilla, Sóller, Tenerife, Valencia, Vitoria-Gasteiz,
Numerous colour images, detailed network maps, Text deutsch/English, ISBN 978 3 936573 46 6, Sept. 2015, EUR 19.50
Robert Schwandl: METRO & TRAM ATLAS SPAIN.- RSV, Berlin, 2015 - ISBN 978 3 936573 46 6
Robert Schwandl: METROS IN SPAIN. The Underground Railways of Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia and Bilbao.- Capital Transport Publishing, London, July 2001- ISBN 1854142429
Alcaide González: El
Trenet de València
1998-2000 © UrbanRail.Net
2003 © (1) Pablo Llorens, (2) Carlos Tarazona;
2004 © UrbanRail.Net by Robert Schwandl.